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The Institute for Computational Medicine Distinguished Seminar Series 2016-2017
November 1, 2016 @ 11:00 am - 12:30 pm
Change Point Estimation of Brain Shape Data in Relation with Alzheimer’s Disease
Dr. Laurent Younes
Professor and Chair, Applied Mathematics and Statistics
Johns Hopkins University
Tuesday, November 1, 2016
Clark Hall 110 (Homewood Campus)
Video-teleconferenced to Traylor 709 (Medicine Campus)
Lunch will be provided at 12:00 PM (Homewood location only)
Abstract: The manifestation of an event, such as the onset of a disease, is not always immediate and often requires some time for its repercussions to become observable. Slowly progressing diseases, and in particular neuro-degenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), fall into this category. The manifestation of such diseases is related to the onset of cognitive or functional impairment and, at the time when this occurs, the disease may have already had been affecting the brain anatomically and functionally for a considerable time. We consider a statistical two-phase regression model in which the change point of a disease biomarker is measured relative to another point in time, such as the manifestation of the disease, which is subject to right-censoring (i.e., possibly unobserved over the entire course of the study). We develop point estimation methods for this model, based on maximum likelihood, and bootstrap validation methods. The effectiveness of our approach is illustrated by numerical simulations, and by the estimation of a change point for atrophy in the context of Alzheimer’s disease, wherein it is related to the cognitive manifestation of the disease. This work is a collaboration with Marilyn Albert, Xiaoying Tang and Michael Miller, and was partially supported by the NIH.
Information on ICM seminars and links to previous talks can be found at http://www.icm.jhu.edu/calendar